Follow Up of Patients with COVID-19 pneumonia

Tutorial presented by Dr Katie Pink, Consultant in Respiratory Medicine.

Patients who have been admitted with the clinical syndrome compatible with COVID-19, as well as radiological changes of COVID-19 pneumonia, should be followed up according to the BTS guidelines (linked below).

We can group patients according to the severity of their disease and potential complications of COVID-19, to determine the level of follow-up required:

  • Mild to moderate COVID-19 pneumonia, including those who have been managed as in-patients on a general medical ward requiring low flow rates of oxygen, or those managed in the community
  • Severe COVID-19 pneumonia, including those patients who required CPAP therapy or admission to intensive care

The long-term complications of COVID-19 are, as yet, unknown, but likely to include fibrotic lung damage, and pulmonary vascular abnormalities, and this should guide the follow-up of patients. There are also likely to be rehabilitation needs in these patients, including reconditioning and psychological support.

There will also be a proportion of patients that have been managed in primary care who could be at risk of long-term complications, and these patients should also be considered for onward referral to respiratory teams if the chest x-ray is abnormal at 12-weeks or there is ongoing breathlessness.

Follow Up Pathway (Severe COVID-19 pneumonia)

Mark as Understood


BTS Guidance on Respiratory Follow Up of Patients with a Clinico-Radiological Diagnosis of COVID-19 Pneumonia

Template letter 1: Offer follow up Post-COVID19 CXR

Template letter 2: Follow up post COVID19 pneumonia CXR cleared Discharge

Template letter 3: Follow up post COVID19 need PFT and OPD or telephone assessment

© Institute of Clinical Science and Technology (ICST) 2020